By Harrell R. Rodgers
This re-creation of yank Poverty in a brand new period of Reform offers a finished exam of the level, factors, results, and prices of yankee poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the non-public accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date to be had demographic, funds, review, and software information to judge the impression of this sweeping laws on federal and nation rules, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised variation takes under consideration the industrial slowdown that happened in 2001 via 2003. It examines the kingdom judgements approximately tips to enforce PRWORA, and the way alterations have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare process. the writer identifies the optimistic implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that needs to be addressed. New positive aspects for this version comprise an appendix of web resources a state-by-state tables of poverty charges.
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Additional info for American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform
The median income of black married-couple families has made progress in catching up with white families. In 1975 the median income of black married couples equaled about 76 percent of the median income of white married-couple families. By 2001 the ratio was 84 percent (Bureau of the Census, 2004c, Historical Tables, F-7A, F-7B). By contrast, black female-headed families had a median income of about 42 percent of black married-couple families in 1975 (table F-7B). 5 percent of the median income of black married-couple families.
Almost 70 percent of poor black children live in a mother-only family. The causes of poverty among children vary somewhat by race and ethnicity. Single parenting, especially when combined with unemployment, is a major contributor to poverty among children, leaving them extremely vulnerable to economic insecurity and deprivation. 10 Children With Single Parents and Proportions With Cohabiting Single Parent, March 2002 60 48 50 46 40 40 Non-Hispanic White 33 Black 29 30 30 Asian and Pacific 25 23 20 All children 16 14 13 11 12 11 10 5 4 5 5 6 2 0 Children with single mother Children with single father Percent of all children with a single parent Children living with a single cohabiting mother Children living with a single cohabiting father Percent of children living with a cohabiting single parent out of children living with a single parent Source: Bureau of the Census, Annual Demographic Supplement to the March 2002 Current Population Survey.
Yet, the median income of many men is quite low, especially when they are minorities. In 2001 the median income for non-Hispanic white men was $31,791; for black men, $21,466; and for Hispanic men, $20,189 (Bureau of the Census, 2004c, Historical Income Tables, table P-2). If men work full time year round, incomes improve significantly, but are still on average rather low for minority men. With full-time, year-around employment, non-Hispanic white men had median earnings of $43,194, black men, $31,921, and Hispanic men, $25,271 (tables P-36 B, C, D, E).
American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform by Harrell R. Rodgers