By Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti
In the course of Albania's transition from a centralized economic climate to at least one anchored in a physique of Western legislation, deep social unrest, common poverty, out of control migration, and the reemergence of clan-based loyalties have resulted in a rise within the such a lot weak inhabitants teams. those teams usually tend to be marginalized by way of the industrial cycle, therefore making it more challenging to make sure asuccessful transition. One objective of the research is to spot key rising social concerns and difficulties in Albania and be sure their factors. in spite of the fact that, the most objective of this file is to suggest a quick- to medium-term motion technique to advisor and fasten social coverage and assistance projects unique to the weak teams in components the place they're so much quite a few, via a bottom-up technique.
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Extra resources for Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460
Europe and Central Asia environmentally and socially sustainable development series) Includes bibliographical references. AlbaniaEconomic conditions1992- 3. Europe and Central Asia environmentally and socially sustainable development series. 2 Strategic Direction for Change in Albania 46 List of Tables Table 1 Geographic and Socio-Economic Context of Cities and Rural Communities in Albania 49 Table 2 Matrix of the Heaviest Geographical Incidence of Vulnerable Groups in Albania 50 Annexes Annex 1 Methodological Considerations 61 Annex 2 Institutional Recommendations 69 Annex 3 "Kinship, Family, and Regional Differentiation in Albania 73 List of Acronyms and Abbreviations VG Vulnerability Gap VGs Vulnerable Groups of Persons EU European Union INSTAT National Statistical Institute MOLSAW Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Women NES National Employment Service (subdivision of MOLSAW) GASS General Administration for Social Services (subdivision of MOLSAW) NE Ndime Ekonomica (national cash assistance program) ISI Institute of Social Insurance Page v Abstract This report describes the increasing social fragmentation in Albania since the fall of communism and offers a series of proposals to stabilize the situation and help the country rebuild its social capital.
It is also an important factor in the resurgence of illiteracy, lack of economic opportunity, and general cultural diminishment. The drop-out rate is increasing because of the destruction of infrastructure, disruptions caused by migration, safety concerns, and lack of confidence in ability of the Albanian education system to provide social and economic mobility. Page 16 Institutionalized and Abandoned Children. This group includes orphans, children abandoned by their families, and those with physical handicaps.
Moreover, the transition period has brought back old traditions of women being subservient within the family, which translates into a lack of access to contraception and into domestic violence. Overall, the study estimates that the largest vulnerable group comprises women who are either unmarried with children, abandoned by their husband, maltreated in the family, or introduced into prostitution through a vicious interpretation of traditional (clan-based, or kanun) marriage rules. Institutional Analysis The study's review of the national cash assistance (Ndime Ekonomica, or NE) system found that the country's institutional capacity for detecting and assisting of vulnerable groups is very limited, and that there is a clear indication of corruption at the local level concerning NE.
Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460 by Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti