By Andrew Yeo
No different nation keeps a world army presence reminiscent of the USA. but outdoors the us, significant debate exists approximately what this presence is ready and the way good it serves nationwide and international pursuits. Anti-U.S. base protests, performed out in parliaments and the streets of host international locations, proceed to come up in numerous elements of the area. In a singular strategy fusing diplomacy conception with social flow views, this e-book examines the effect of anti-base routine and the $64000 position bilateral alliance relationships play in shaping circulate results. the writer explains not just whilst and the way anti-base events topic, but in addition how host governments stability among family and foreign strain on base-related concerns. Drawing on interviews with activists, politicians, coverage makers, and U.S. base officers within the Philippines, Japan (Okinawa), Ecuador, Italy, and South Korea, the writer reveals that the protection and overseas coverage rules held through host govt elites act as a political chance or barrier for anti-base events, influencing their skill to problem in a foreign country U.S. basing rules.
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Additional resources for Activists, Alliances, and Anti-U.S. Base Protests
Lastly, it is worth noting that the United States and anti-base movements never interact directly. Legally, the United States cannot negotiate with anti-base movement activists. Thus the host state becomes the central arena for base politics, with the most intense action located at the intersection between state and society. Although the role of the United States remains “bounded” with these caveats in place, it still exerts its inﬂuence on base hosts, often in the form of economic incentives or diplomatic pressure.
I highlight two key insights borrowed from previous research in the social movements and transnational relations literature: domestic structure and elite access. 26 Second, anti-base movements must gain access to elites if they are to play a direct role in base policy outcomes – certainly no easy feat given the strong capacities of states to control national security policy. Proponents of the political opportunity model view opportunities and state– society interaction from the perspective of social movement actors.
Military. In many cases, the United States initiates basing policy changes as a result of changes in the strategic environment or technological improvements. 34 35 I will use the terms government and political elites interchangeably. At a secondary level, host-state elites might also include epistemic communities and other knowledge-based experts in academia, think tanks, or business. Although not formally part of the state, epistemic communities and business elites help identify and address policy interests for government elites.
Activists, Alliances, and Anti-U.S. Base Protests by Andrew Yeo